Williamsburg Northside Lower School, a Brooklyn elementary school, offers various health and physical education classes for its students. According to the school, the purpose of the physical education program is to empower the Brooklyn elementary school’s students to sustain regular, lifelong physical activity as a foundation for a healthy, productive, and fulfilling life.
Becoming a physically educated person is a developmental process that begins in early childhood and continues throughout one’s life. The physical education program offers fundamental movement skills in the area of body awareness, spatial orientation, relationships, object manipulation, games, and sports. Principles of good sportsmanship, as well as respectful competition and safety in the gymnasium are emphasized throughout the year. These programs vary according to age groups and grades.
The program emphasizes body and spatial awareness, locomotor and non-locomotor skills. Its aim is for children to feel enjoyment and confidence in themselves and their abilities. Goals and activities include:
- Locomotor skills—hopping, skipping, jumping
- Non-manipulative skills—balancing, rolling, stretching
- Manipulative skill—dribbling, volleying, collecting
- Cooperative games
- The ability to demonstrate healthful practices such as washing hands, covering one’s mouth when coughing or sneezing, and brushing and flossing teeth.
First grade builds on the skills already learned, with a greater emphasis on manipulative skills. Students of the Brooklyn elementary are also given an opportunity to explore stationary and moving balance as well as health and fitness concepts. Goals and activities include:
- Experience with manipulative skills such as throwing, catching, volleying, and dribbling
- Striking with implements—rackets, bats, hockey sticks
- Introduction to health-and-fitness topics such as the food guide and physical activity pyramids
- Understand how behaviors such as food selection, exercise, and rest affect growth and development.
Second grade involves increased interaction between traveling and directions, levels (high, medium, low) and pathways (curved, straight, zigzag). Goals and activities include:
- Circus arts—juggling, spinning plates
- Chasing, fleeing, dodging
- Kicking and punting
- The ability to demonstrate the use of interpersonal skills to enhance health
Third grade builds on the curriculum by working toward demonstrating the mature form of moving in selected combinations of locomotor, non-locomotor, and manipulative skills. Goals include the ability to:
- Identify movement in terms of effort (how the body moves), space (where the body moves), and relationships (with objects, people or both).
- Know and apply principles and components of health-related fitness.
- Begin to demonstrate mature form in various skills.
- Develop injury prevention and management strategies for personal health.
Although health issues are integrated throughout the elementary years, they are formally discussed beginning in fourth grade.
1) Motor: Small-sided games—that is, few players per team—are introduced in fourth grade.
Students use cooperation and problem-solving skills to accomplish group or team goals.
Goals include the ability to:
- Respond to winning and losing with dignity and understanding
- Experiences with increased interaction between locomotor skills, non-locomotor skills, and manipulative skills
- Understand strategies related to offense and defense
2) Health: In fourth grade there is a deeper look into the influence of culture, media, technology, and other factors on health. Health is influenced by a variety of factors, including the cultural context as well as media and technology. Students of the Brooklyn elementary school use their critical thinking and problem-solving skills to analyze, evaluate, and interpret the influence of these factors on health. The goals include:
- Describing how culture influences personal health behaviors
- Explaining how information from school and family influences health
- Describing ways technology can influence health
- Explaining how media influences thoughts, feelings, and health behaviors
1) Motor: Fifth graders begin identifying muscle groups when performing specific actions and applying movement concepts using speed variables. Goals include the ability to:
- Recognize and communicate feedback
- Understand fitness components related to cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance and flexibility
- Understand, respect, and appreciate individuals on the basis of their unique characteristics as well as their contributions to a group.
2) Health: In fifth grade, the students are expected to demonstrate an understanding of the five aspects of health —mental, emotional, physical, social, and spiritual—and the wellness spectrum—a scale showing possible health conditions from premature death to optimal health—and how they relate to overall health. The Brooklyn Elementary students also learn about the negative impact chemical substances can have on health. The program discusses tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs, as well as describes the differences between helpful and potentially harmful substances. Objectives include:
- Identifying ways to cope with or seek assistance as necessary when confronted with situations involving alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs
- Describing the cycle of growth and development in humans and other animal species
- Using goal-setting and decision-making skills to enhance health
Article publié pour la première fois le 25/01/2016