‘Govind Ballabh Pant’ was born on 10 September 1887, in a village called Khoont near Almora. He was born in a Brahmin family. His father’s name was Manorath Pant, who was a government official, His mother’s name was Govindi Bai.
Govind Ballabh Pant was an excellent student. He passed Middle School and Matriculation examination from Almora. He then joined the Muir College, Allahabad for graduation. He decided to study Law and in two years, he topped his batch and won the Lumsden Gold Medal.
Govind Ballabh Pant took active part in independence movement against the British Raj. Together with Pandit Badri Durr Pande, he started a weekly paper called ‘Shakti’. In 1930, he was imprisoned for several weeks for arranging a Salt March inspired by Mahatama Gandhi. In 1933, he was arrested again.
In the 1937 election, Govind Ballabh Pant was elected unchallenged as the leader of the Congress Party in the United Provinces (present Uttar Pradesh) and became the first Chief Minister of the United Provinces. In 1942, he was arrested for signing the Quit India resolution.
After India’s independence in 1947, Govind Ballabh Pant became the Chief Minister of the state for the second time. He became the first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and was in the office from 26 January 1950 to 27 December 1954.
Govind Ballabh Pant died on 7 March 1961, at the age of 74. As Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, he was successful in stabilizing the economic condition of the state. In 1957, he was awarded India’s highest civilian honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’, for his selfless service to the nation.