His real name was Vinayaka Rao Bhave. His father’s name was Narahari
Shambhu Rao. His mother;s name was Rukmini Devi.
early education was at Baroda. Later, he studied at Varanasi. He was
interested mainly in philosophical literature. He joined Sabarmati
ashram and became one of the closest associates of Mahatma Gandhi.
Bhave was a great freedom fighter. He was actively involved in the
‘Nagpur Salt Satyagraha’, the ‘Dandi March’ and the ‘Temple Entry
Movement’ in Kerala. In 1940. He was chosen by Gandhi to be the first
Satyagrahi for the individual civil disobedience movement.
Bhave died on 15 November 1982 at the age of 87. He was a spiritual
visionary, whose spirituality had a pragmatic stance with intense
concern for the deprived. He is best known for the ‘Bhoodan Movement’.
He also led the ‘Sarvodaya movement’. His contribution to the history of
nonviolent movement remains significant.
Vinoba Bhave was a
learned scholar. He knew eighteen languages. He wrote several books of
international fame. In 1958 Vinoba was the first recipient of the
international Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership. He was
awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’ posthumously.