Ballabh Pant’ was born on 10 September 1887, in a village called Khoont
near Almora. He was born in a Brahmin family. His father’s name was
Manorath Pant, who was a government official, His mother’s name was
Ballabh Pant was an excellent student. He passed Middle School and
Matriculation examination from Almora. He then joined the Muir College,
Allahabad for graduation. He decided to study Law and in two years, he
topped his batch and won the Lumsden Gold Medal.
Pant took active part in independence movement against the British Raj.
Together with Pandit Badri Durr Pande, he started a weekly paper called
‘Shakti’. In 1930, he was imprisoned for several weeks for arranging a
Salt March inspired by Mahatama Gandhi. In 1933, he was arrested again.
the 1937 election, Govind Ballabh Pant was elected unchallenged as the
leader of the Congress Party in the United Provinces (present Uttar
Pradesh) and became the first Chief Minister of the United Provinces. In
1942, he was arrested for signing the Quit India resolution.
India’s independence in 1947, Govind Ballabh Pant became the Chief
Minister of the state for the second time. He became the first Chief
Minister of Uttar Pradesh and was in the office from 26 January 1950 to
27 December 1954.
Ballabh Pant died on 7 March 1961, at the age of 74. As Chief Minister
of Uttar Pradesh, he was successful in stabilizing the economic
condition of the state. In 1957, he was awarded India’s highest civilian
honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’, for his selfless service to the nation.