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Essay on the contribution of women in Indian freedom movement
The history of Indian Struggle would be incomplete without mentioning the contributions of women. The Sacrifice made by the women of India to make the country freewill occupies the foremost place. They fought with true spirit and unafraid courage and faced various tortures, exploitations, and hardships to earn us freedom. When most of the men freedom fighters were in prison the women came forward and took charge of the struggle.
The role of women in freedom struggle is extremely significant. The Women in the brigade were certain the similar preparation seeing that it was given to men also. Still their uniform was comparable to the men warriors. Women shouldered critical responsibilities in India’s struggle for freedom. They held public meetings, organized picketing of shops selling foreign alcohol and articles, sold Khadi and actively participated in National Movements. They bravely faced the baton of the police and went behind the iron bars. Hundreds and thousands of Indian women dedicated their lives for obtaining freedom of their lives for obtaining freedom of their motherland and only very few could include in this essay due to space restriction. Some of the great Indian women freedom fighter whose names and contribution were written in golden letters in the history for their dedication and undying devotion to the service of India’s freedom struggle are listed below.
Bhima Bai Holkar fought against the British Colonel Malcolm and a defeated him in guerrilla warfare. She came forward to fight with Britishers at a very critical time when the British East India Company was fast expanding its empire in India. She fought against the mighty British army and scored initial success.
Rani Lakshmi Bai heroism and superb leadership laid an outstanding example for all future generations of women freedom fighters. Holding the reins of their horse in her mouth she used the sword with both hands. Her remarkable courage inspired many men and women, fighting the enemy to the last.
Sarojini Naidu also known as “Cuckoo of India” was a distinguished poet and renowned freedom fighter. She campaigned for the Montagu Chelmsford Reforms, the Khilafat issue, the draconian Rowlatt Act and the Satyagraha. With great courage she quelled the rotors, sold proscribed literature, and addressed frenzied meetings on the carnage at Jallianwala Bag in Amritsar.
Kasturba Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi’s wife joined her husband while he was in South Africa and worked with him for many years there. She was a leader of women’s Satyagraha for which she was imprisoned. She was arrested twice for picketing liquor and foreign cloth shops, and in 1939 for participating in the Rajkot Satyagraha.
Vijay Lakshmi Pandit was inspired by Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and impressed by Sarojini Naidu. She entered the Non Cooperation Movement to fight against the British rule and represented India in many of the Conferences abroad. She was a great fighter and took parts in many of the freedom movement. She was arrested in 1932 and sentenced to one year’s rigorous imprisonment. She was arrested in 1940 and yet again during the Quit India Movement in 1942.
Madam Cama fought for the freedom of the country till the last in her own way, and helped many revolutionaries with money and materials. She unfurled the first National Flag at the International Socialist. She travelled a lot of places including America and propagates Americans about Indians struggling for Independence.
Begum Hazrat Mahal was a great Indian freedom-fighter who played a major role during India’s First War of Independence. She led a band of her supporters against the British, and was even able to seize the control of Lucknow. Begum was not only a strategist but also fought on the battlefield. To acknowledge her endless efforts in fighting for the freedom of country, the Government of India issued a stamp on 10th May 1984.
Arun Asaf Ali was a radical nationalist played an outstanding role in the historic Quit India Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi on August 9, 1942, and was a prominent leader of the underground movement. She was the first women president of the congress and gave a powerful lead to Women’s movement in India.
After a century of revolutions, struggle, blood shedding, Satyagraha and sacrifices, India finally achieved Independence on August 15, 1947.
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